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2016年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text3及答案解析

2020-08-12 15:20 来源:互联网 作者:好轻松考研小编
摘要:在考研路上大家都会去刷真题,但效果千差万别,有人觉得刷多了真题反而有负担,其实,真题是很有价值的题目啊,题目中蕴含着命题人的思路,并且对你是否读懂了文章是个很好的检验。

  八月份了,暑假刷了不少真题吧,好轻松考研小编建议大家在最后关头真题要一遍两遍三遍四遍....的刷,为考生整了2016年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text3及答案解析,希望大家都能考出好成绩。点击立即预约试听>>

  1) That everyone’s too busy these days is a cliché. But one specific complaint is made especially mournfully: There’s never any time to read.

  2) What makes the problem thornier is that the usual time-management techniques don’t seem sufficient. The web’s full of articles offering tips on making time to read: “Give up TV” or “Carry a book with you at all times” But in my experience, using such methods to free up the odd 30 minutes doesn’t work. Sit down to read and the flywheel of work-related thoughts keeps spinning-or else you’re so exhausted that a challenging book’s the last thing you need. The modern mind, Tim Parks, a novelist and critic, writes, “is overwhelmingly inclined toward communication…It is not simply that one is interrupted; it is that one is actually inclined to interruption”. Deep reading requires not just time, but a special kind of time which can’t be obtained merely by becoming more efficient.

  3) In fact, “becoming more efficient” is part of the problem. Thinking of time as a resource to be maximised means you approach it instrumentally, judging any given moment as well spent only in so far as it advances progress toward some goal immersive reading, by contrast, depends on being willing to risk inefficiency, goallessness, even time-wasting. Try to slot it as a to-do list item and you’ll manage only goal-focused reading-useful, sometimes, but not the most fulfilling kind. “The future comes at us like empty bottles along an unstoppable and nearly infinite conveyor belt,” writes Gary Eberle in his book Sacred Time, and “we feel a pressure to fill these different-sized bottles (days, hours, minutes)as they pass, for if they get by without being filled, we will have wasted them”. No mind-set could be worse for losing yourself in a book.

  4) So what does work? Perhaps surprisingly, scheduling regular times for reading. You’d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set, but in fact, Eberle notes, such ritualistic behaviour helps us “step outside time’s flow” into “soul time”. You could limit distractions by reading only physical books, or on single-purpose e-readers. “Carry a book with you at all times” can actually work, too-providing you dip in often enough, so that reading becomes the default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business, before dropping back down. On a really good day, it no longer feels as if you’re “making time to read,” but just reading, and making time for everything else.

  31. The usual time-management techniques don’t work because___.

  [A] what they can offer does not ease the modern mind

  [B] what challenging books demand is repetitive reading

  [C] what people often forget is carrying a book with them

  [D] what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed

  32. The “empty bottles” metaphor illustrates that people feel a pressure to___.

  [A] update their to-do lists

  [B] make passing time fulfilling

  [C] carry their plans through

  [D] pursue carefree reading

  33. Eberle would agree that scheduling regular times for reading helps___.

  [A] encourage the efficiency mind-set

  [B] develop online reading habits

  [C] promote ritualistic reading

  [D] achieve immersive reading

  34. “Carry a book with you at all times” can work if___.

  [A] reading becomes your primary business of the day

  [B] all the daily business has been promptly dealt with

  [C] you are able to drop back to business after reading

  [D] time can be evenly split for reading and business

  35. The best title for this text could be___.

  [A] How to Enjoy Easy Reading

  [B] How to Find Time to Read

  [C] How to Set Reading Goals

  [D] How to Read Extensively

       答案解析:

  31.选项[D]正确。

  由题干中的the usual time- management techniques 定位至第二段。③句指出:这些方法(即上述时间管理技巧)都不可行;随后阐释原因,⑥句总结根本原因:实现深度阅读需要的不只是“(普通)时间”,而是一种仅凭提高效率无法获得的“特殊时间”,也就是说,常规的时间管理技巧虽然有助于提高效率,但这样挤出来的时间有别于“特殊时间”,不能满足深度阅读所需,因此[D]正确。

  32.选项[B]正确。

  由题干中的"empty bottles定位至第三段。⑤句首先介绍“空瓶子”的隐喻:“未来”好比“沿着传送带不断向我们走来的空瓶子”继而说明现代人的心态:迫切地想把这些(象征“时间”的)瓶子装满.否则就是虚度光阴,也即、人们每天都因“想把时间安排得满满当当"而备受压力,[B]选项正确。

  33.选项[D]正确。

  根据题干中scheduling regular times for reading 定位至第四段。首句提出问题:究竟怎样的时间管理方式对阅读来说才有效?随后作答:为阅读安排固定时间段。③句借Eberle 观点说明这样行事( such ritualistic behavior指“固定时间阅读”)的作用:有助于人们挣脱“时间的流逝”,进人“灵魂时间”,联系第三段③至⑤句即为:不再为浪费时间而惶恐,实现纯粹的沉浸式阅读,因此[D]正确。

  34.选项[A]正确。

  根据题干可定位至第四段⑤句,句中破折号引出“随身携带一本书”起作用的条件(providing作连词,意为“如果”):能经常沉浸于书中,阅读成为默认状态,而其他事务则变为附带,也即,阅读成为高于其他事务的首要事务,[A]正确。

  35.选项[B]正确。

  第一段提出问题 :如今人们总抱怨没有时间阅读。第二、三段分析问题:阐释常见时间管理技巧在阅读问题上不可行的根本原因。第四段提出建议:安排固定的时间段来阅读,把阅读当作“主业”,其他事务当作“副业”。可见全文针对“现代人烦恼没有时间阅读”提出可行性办法,[B]正确。

  2021年考研已经是最后的冲刺阶段了,大家要把握这关键时期,考生如果还有其他问题可以关注好轻松考研公众号了解更多知识哦。

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