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2015年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text1及答案解析

2020-08-12 15:14 来源:互联网 作者:好轻松考研小编
摘要:考研英语备考阅读是一个艰辛的过程,阅读最能检测考生的功底,考生要有对词汇解析、长难句解析、逻辑关系和篇章分析的能力,所以相对于在阅读这块考生花的时间精力也要多一点,也能想得到阅读的重要性。

  阅读大家还是会聚焦于“历年真题”,真题也能检测出大家对“基础”和技巧组合的灵活度,所以大家刷真题是对的,好轻松考研小编为了让大家轻松上岸,为考生准备了2015年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text1及答案解析,希望大家都能考出好成绩。点击立即预约试听>>

  1)  A new study suggests that contrary to most surveys. People art actually more stressed at home than at work. Researchers measured people's cortisol. Which is it at stress marker. While they were at work and while they were at home and found it higher at what is supposed to be a place of refuge.

  2)  "Further contradicting conventional wisdom, we found that women as well as men have lower levels of stress at work than at home," writes one of the researchers. Sarah Damaske, In fact women say they feel better at work. She notes. "it is men, not women, who report being happier at home than at work," Another surprise is that the findings hold true for both those with children and without, but more so for nonparents. This is why people who work outside the home have better health.

  3) What the study doesn't measure is whether people are still doing work when they' re at home, whether it is household work or work brought home from the office. For many men, the end of the workday is a time to kick back. For women who stay home, they never get to leave the office. And for women who work outside the home, they often are playing catch-up-with-household tasks. With the blurring of roles, and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women, it' s not surprising that women are more stressed at home.

  4) But it's not just a gender thing. At work, people pretty much know what they're supposed to be doing: working, making money, doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income. The bargain is very pure: Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola.

  5) On the home front, however, people have no such clarity. Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out. There are a lot of tasks to be done, there are inadequate rewards for most of them. Your home colleagues-your family-have no clear rewards for their labor; they need to be talked into it, or if they' re teenagers, threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices. Plus, they' re your family. You cannot fire your family. You never really get to go home from home.

  6) So it's not surprising that people are more stressed at home. Not only are the tasks apparently infinite, the co-workers are much harder to motivate.

  21.According to Paragraph 1,most previous surveys found that home___________

  [A] offered greater relaxation than the workplace

  [B] was an ideal place for stress measurement

  [C] generated more stress than the workplace

  [D] was an unrealistic place for relaxation

  22.According to Damaske, who are likely to be the happiest at home?

  [A] Working mothers

  [B] Childless husbands

  [C] Working fathers

  [D] Childless wives

  23 The blurring of working women's roles refers to the fact that_____.

  [A] their home is also a place for kicking back

  [B] they are both bread winners and housewives

  [C] there is often much housework left behind

  [D] it is difficult for them to leave their office

  24.The word "moola" ( Para 4) most probably means_____.

  [A] skills

  [B] energy

  [C] earnings

  [D] nutrition

  25.The home front differs from the workplace in that______.

  [A] family labor is often adequately rewarded

  [B] home is hardly a cozier working environment

  [C]household tasks are generally more motivating

  [D] division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut

       答案解析:

  21.选项[A]正确。

  根据题干定位至第一段①句。 该句介绍了一项新的研究结论“人们其实在家比上班压力更大”;但注意本题针对most previous surveys(大部分以前的调查),根据contrary to most surveys(与大多数先前的研究相反)反向推知以往大多数调查应该认为“在家比上班轻松”,即"家比工作场所更让人放松”,因此[A]项正确。

  22.选项[B]正确。

  根据题干Damaske和happiest at home定位到第二段第③句。该句指出“声称在家比上班更快乐是男性而非女性(It is men, not women, who report being happier at home)",因此两性相比,男性自认在家中更开心;而④句又指出“这些研究发现对有无子女者都适用,但对无子女者更是如此( the findings hold true for both those with children and without, but more so for nonparents)”,因此有子女和无子女者相比,无子女者在家中更开心,综合可知,无子女的男性在家中最快乐,故[B]选项正确。

  23.选项[B]正确。

  根据题干blurring of working women's roles(职业女性角色模糊)定位到第三段⑤句,由With the blurring of roles, and the fact that…可知.and之前的内容是对④句“职业女性回家后还要赶着完成家务活”的总括.即,女性兼具双重身份,既要工作养家,又要承担家务.故[B]选项正确。

  24.选项[C]正确。

  第四段②句描述人们在外工作的情形:工作,赚钱,完成必须要做的任务赚取薪水(doing the tasks. .. in order to draw an income) ,③句进而评述这种工作性质很纯粹,冒号后继续解释其纯粹在于投入体力或脑力劳动换取维持生活的moola( puts in... Iabor and draws out moola).两部分内容完全对应,因此推知moola在意义上接近②句income薪水)一词,也即earnings(薪水)。故选项[C]正确。

  25.选项[D]正确。

  根据题干The home front differs from the workplace可定位至第五段,该段首句On the home front, however ...引出“人们在家庭大后方的情况”,即“情况没有那么清晰(have no such clarity)" .however暗示本段内容与上段At work引出的“人们在工作场所的情况"正相反,因此such clarity便是该题的题眼,也即the home front与workplace两者的区别。根据上段③句可知,工作场所中.劳动性质很纯粹:人们清楚自己的工作职责(pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing)且按劳获酬,而根据本段②句可知,在家中,家务劳动很难有序分配(Rare... so clinically and methodically laid out).且无足够的奖励。总结可知两者区别在于:家庭劳动没有明确的分工,且没有相应的奖励报酬.选项[D]符合其中一项,因此为正确项。

  2021年考研已经是最后的冲刺阶段了,大家要把握这关键时期,考生如果还有其他问题可以关注好轻松考研公众号了解更多知识哦。

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