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2015年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text2及答案解析

2020-08-12 15:12 来源:互联网 作者:好轻松考研小编
摘要:考研英语备考阅读是一个艰辛的过程,阅读最能检测考生的功底,考生要有对词汇解析、长难句解析、逻辑关系和篇章分析的能力,所以相对于在阅读这块考生花的时间精力也要多一点,也能想得到阅读的重要性。

  阅读大家还是会聚焦于“历年真题”,真题也能检测出大家对“基础”和技巧组合的灵活度,所以大家刷真题是对的,好轻松考研小编为了让大家轻松上岸,为考生准备了2015年考研英语(二)阅读真题Text2及答案解析,希望大家都能考出好成绩。点击立即预约试听>>

  1)  For years, studies have found that first-generation college students-those who do not have a parent with a college degree-lag other students on a range of education achievement factors. Their grades are lower and their dropout rates are higher. But since such students are most likely to advance economically if they succeed in higher education, colleges and universities have pushed for decades to recruit more of them. This has created "a paradox" in that recruiting first-generation students, but then watching many of them fail, means that higher education has "continued to reproduce and widen, rather than close" achievement gap based on social class, according to the depressing beginning of a paper forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science.

  2)  But the article is actually quite optimistic, as it outlines a potential solution to this problem, suggesting that an approach (which involves a one-hour, next-to-no-cost program) can close 63 percent of the achievement gap (measured by such factors as grades) between first-generation and other students.

  3)  The authors of the paper are from different universities, and their findings are based on a study involving 147 students(who completed the project)at an unnamed private university.First generation was defined as not having a parent with a four-year college degree Most of the first-generation students(59.1 percent) were recipients of Pell Grants,a federal g rant for undergraduates with financial need,while this was true only for 8.6 percent of the students with at least one parent with a four-year degree

  4) Their thesis-that a relatively modest intervention could have a big impact-was based on the view that first-gene ration students may be most lacking not in potential but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students They cite past research by several authors to show that this is the gap that must be narrowed to close the achievement gap.

  5) Many first-gene ration students “struggle to navigate the middle-class culture of higher education,learn the 'rules of the game,'and take advantage of college resources," they write And this becomes more of a problem when collages don't talk about the class advantage and disadvantages of different groups of students Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students' educational experience,many first-gene ration students lack sight about why they are struggling and do not understand how students' like them can improve.

  26. Recruiting more first-generation students has_____.

  [A] reduced their dropout rates

  [B] narrowed the achievement gap

  [C] missed its original purpose

  [D] depressed college students

  27 The authors of the research article are optimistic because_____.

  [A] their finding appeal to students

  [B] the recruiting rate has increased

  [C] the problem is solvable

  [D] their approach is costless

  28 The study suggests that most first-generation students_____.

  [A] are from single-parent families

  [B] study at private universities

  [C] are in need of financial support

  [D] have failed their collage

  29. The author of the paper believe that first-generation students _____.

  [A] may lack opportunities to apply for research projects

  [B] are inexperienced in handling their issues at college

  [C] can have a potential influence on other students

  [D] are actually indifferent to the achievement gap

  30.We may infer from the last paragraph that_____.

  [A]universities often reject the culture of the middle-class

  [B]students are usually to blame for their lack of resources

  [C]social class greatly helps enrich educational experiences

  [D]colleges are partly responsible for the problem in question

       答案解析:

  26.选项[C]正确。

  根据题干recruiting more first generation students定位到首段第三、四句。第三句指出了高校在争取招收更多第一代大学生,并说明原因:这类学生一日能够顺利完成高等教育,就是最有可能取得经济发展的人群。第四句却指出实际情形是:高校眼睁睁地看着很多“第一代大学生”走向失败,使得高等教育进步拉大了基于社会阶层的成就差异。结合两句可以判断,高校努力招收更多第一代大学生的做法未达初衷,[C]选项符合文意。

  27.选项[C]正确。

  根据题干The authors of the research article、optimistic 定位到第二段。该段主句指出文章作者态度相当乐观,从句则以因果关系标志词as引出原因:文中提出了问题(“第一代大学生”落后于其他学生)的可能解决方案,且此方案只需一小时,成本几乎为零。可见.[C]选项正确.

  28.选项[C]正确。

  文中对“第一代大学生”的介绍集中在第三段。该段指出第一代大学生被定义为父母均无本科学历的大学生.且大多数学生都是佩尔助学金(一项专门为有经济需求的本科生设立的联邦奖学金)的资助对象。由此可知,大多数第一代大学生都需要经济上的帮助,[C]选项正确。

  29.选项[B]正确。

  第四段指出研究论文的作者认为:第一代大学生缺乏的并不是潜力,而是处理摆在大多数高校学生面前的各种问题的实用知识。也就是说,第一代大学生缺乏处理大学中遇到问题的经验,[B]选项符合文意。

  30.选项[D]正确。

  根据题干定位至最后一段。该段首先指出第一代大学生们在大学生活中困难重重:很难融人中产阶级文化,很难学会游戏规则,很难学会有效利用大学资源。随后指出,高校对学生群体间的阶层优劣势避而不谈使得上述问题加剧,正是由于高校不承认社会阶层会影响学生的学习体验,才使得许多“第一代大学生”无法认清自己为何挣扎以及怎样提高。由此可知,高校对“第一代大学生"面临的问题负有责任,[D]选项正确。

  2021年考研已经是最后的冲刺阶段了,大家要把握这关键时期,考生如果还有其他问题可以关注好轻松考研公众号了解更多知识哦。

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